Cosmetic surgeons must be cautious when it comes to operating on people with unrealistic expectations, as the risks of surgery may outweigh any benefits. This principle ensures that a cosmetic surgeon never acts against the interests of patients or in a way that could harm them. Consultant cosmetic surgeons may refuse to operate on patients if they don't believe that surgery is in the best interest of the patient. Patients with serious health problems are at greater risk of complications with general anesthesia and, once again, the risks may outweigh the benefits.
All of these evaluations must be done on an individual basis. In the past, there was a perception that surgeons had a potential conflict of interest in the independent sector. No surgeon should perform an operation solely to obtain personal pecuniary benefits. All cosmetic surgeons should take their duty to care for their patients very seriously.
The goal of cosmetic surgery is to improve a person's appearance, self-esteem, and self-confidence. Cosmetic surgery can be performed anywhere on the face and body. Eligibility for plastic surgery depends on the desired procedure. For example, some minimally invasive procedures, such as mole removal or scar correction, are generally safe for most men and women.
However, more invasive plastic surgery procedures, such as breast augmentation, may not be safe for people with certain medical conditions. Cosmetic surgery has a big difference from the general principle of legal responsibility in professional orientation, because the objective of cosmetic surgeries is different from that of common therapeutic purposes. Therefore, to comply with this principle, patient expectations must be realistic, measure the patient's gains and losses, take into account the patient's state of health, indicate the possibilities of resuscitating the patient in the surgical center if necessary, and pay attention to specialized facilities, including equipment and personnel needed for cosmetic surgeries. Nowadays, cosmetic surgery is becoming a profitable business which deals exclusively with human appearance and less from the perspective of beauty, based on physical protests and taking into account factors such as gender, age and race.
For any procedure performed on minors, “realistic expectations should always be taken into account in all aspects of cosmetic and reconstructive surgery procedures in this age group”. A closer look from an ethical point of view makes it clear that the doctor who offers aesthetic interventions faces many serious ethical problems which have to do with the identity of the surgeon as a healer. The fact that younger men were more likely to consider cosmetic surgery than older men can be explained by the recent increase in male cosmetic surgery23, which in turn can be explained by the breakdown of the typical female stereotype of cosmetic surgery patients. Cosmetic surgeries are often justified under several heads including the WHO definition of health because of the convenience of performing complete physical, mental, social and spiritual aesthetic surgeries which should be considered a step towards improving people's health status.
People who felt physically unattractive were more willing to undergo cosmetic surgery which supports the idea that not achieving social ideals of attractiveness leads to greater body dissatisfaction and possibly to consider cosmetic surgery. However this means that our results predict the likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery without monetary considerations and therefore cannot be generalized to real decisions. A plastic surgeon may refuse to perform surgery for a variety of reasons including the patient's risk factors for surgery their expectations regarding the procedure or underlying health conditions.